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What is the difference between CWDM and DWDM?

Currently, there are two types of WDM in existence today: Coarse WDM (CWDM) and Dense WDM (DWDM)

  • CWDM: Coarse Wavelength Division Multiplexing.
  • DWDM: systems with fewer than eight active wavelengths per fiber.

CWDM can match the basic capabilities of DWDM but at lower capacity and lower cost. CWDM enables carriers to respond flexibly to diverse customer needs in metropolitan regions where fiber may be at a premium. However, it’s not really in competition with DWDM as both fulfill distinct roles that largely depend upon carrier-specific circumstances and requirements anyway. The point and purpose of CWDM is short-range communications. It uses wide-range frequencies and spreads wavelengths far apart from each other. Standardized channel spacing permits room for wavelength drift as lasers heat up and cool down during operation. By design, CWDM equipment is compact and cost-effective as compared to DWDM designs.

Amplifiers as perfomance enchancher

DWDM - Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing. WDM systems with more than eight active wavelengths per fiber.
DWDM is designed for long-haul transmission where wavelengths are packed tightly together. Vendors have found various techniques for cramming 32, 64, or 128 wavelengths into a fiber. When boosted by Erbium Doped-Fiber Amplifiers (EDFAs)—a sort of performance enhancer for high-speed communications—these systems can work over thousands of kilometers. Densely packed channels aren’t without their limitations. First, high-precision filters are required to peel away one specific wavelength without interfering with neighboring wavelengths. Those don’t come cheap. Second, precision lasers must keep channels exactly on target. That nearly always means such lasers must operate at a constant temperature. High-precision, high-stability lasers are expensive, as are related cooling systems.

Infradata: Experts in CWDM & DWDM Solutions

Infradata has years of experience and a great amount of expertise in integrating CWDM & DWDM Solutions in big and complex networks. With the highest partner status with MRV Networks, Infradata is able to offer you the best conditions to create a highly efficient solution for your network.

Interested in our services concerning CWDM & DWDM Solutions?

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